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尚德整理高起点英语语法归纳:动词不定式六

来源:尚德机构   编辑:网络 日期:2014-06-19 14:51

  尚德2014年成人高考高起点英语语法归纳整理:动词不定式六

  五、不定式作状语

  注意作状语的动词不定式要与其逻辑主语在意义上和数上的一致。

  1. 表示目的

  22) its plans to promote disarmaments,the party has decided to establish a campaign headquarters with Benjamin Seaman as its leader.

  [A]Although[B]To carry out[C]Except that[D] Make

  23) pure lead,the lead ore is mined,then smelted,and finally refined.

  [A] Obtaining[B] Being obtained[C] To obtain[D] It is obtained

  24) When they met,Leonardo and his enemy were fighting .

  [A]killed each other[B]killing each other[C]to be killed each other

  [D]to kill each other

  2. 表示结果,在这种情况下,不定式的逻辑主语也是全句的主语

  He must be cripple not to walk by himself./It seems that the employee didn't sleep at all to be so sleepy in the early morning. / What have I done for you to deserve such an amount of money?

  还有固定搭配的不定式表示结果:so…as to; such(…) as to …; enough to…; too…to…; in order to … 等

  We have got so plenty of food as to treat our guests./ Is that room big enough to seat all of us?/ He is too young to fit that job.

  3. 表示原因

  It's very kind of you to say so. / I am pretty pleased to hear the news that you are elected as the president of the club. / I'm sorry to interrupt you. / They are quite surprised to see the great changes taking place in the area.

  4. 伴随状况

  在下列表示能力、愿望、倾向等语义的形容词后边也要接不定式:able(但其同义词“ capable”后面要接“of+动名词”),anxious, eager, glad, inclined(倾向于),liable, likely, pleased, ready等。

  25) Certain [A] minerals are magnetic and are able to detected [B] by instruments that measure [C] differences in the Earth's magnetic fields [D] .
 

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